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Issues of polish stamps IV/2001
 
   

10TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RADIO MARYJA

   

   

No. of stamps: 1 + a block containing 3 stamps
Face value: PLN 1.00
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 20 stamps
Size of the stamp: 39.5 x 31.25 mm
Size of the block: 175 x 77 mm
Issue:
  Of the stamp - 1,000,000 pcs.
  Of the block - 400,000 pcs.
Designer: Jacek Brodowski
Date of circulation: December 7th, 2001
   
Radio Maryja celebrates its 10th anniversary in December this year. It is a radio station broadcasting its everyday programme from Toruń, but it is available all over Poland and outside its borders. It broadcasts everyday catechesis, programmes, and interviews with the listeners, by means of which it publicized the teachings of the Church.

On the day of introducing the stamp into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Toruń 1.

         
 
   

CHRISTMAS

   

No. of stamps: 2
Face value: PLN 1.00; 1.90
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 16 stamps
Size: 40.5 x 40.5 mm
Issue:
  PLN 1.00 - 21,000,000 pcs.
  PLN 1.90 - 4,100,000 pcs.
Designer: Janusz Wysocki
Date of circulation: November 27th, 2001
   

The Polish Post will introduce two postal stamps into the market at the occasion of the coming Christmas. They represent Christ-child's cribs from Lower Silesia from the collection of Henryk Tomaszewski, creator of the Wrocław Pantomime Theatre. The 19th century art masterpieces were created mainly in the Kłodzko region (Ziemia Kłodzka). The model of the box Christ-child's crib, with the naive link architectonic and landscape construction comes from that area as well.

Traditions of the cribs called "betlejki" in Poland date back to the Medieval Age and they originated in church mysteries popularized by the Franciscan Brothers in Europe in the 13th century. St. Francis of Assis is considered to be the author of the first Christ-child's crib. He staged the trough on a clearing in a forest in Greccio to adore the Jesus Christ, pray, and sing songs together with other monks and believers on the Christmas night in 1223.

The custom of adoring the Christ the Child and organizing the church Nativity plays was introduced by Italian and French missionaries at first in their monasteries, and then among the believers in Poland.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Warsaw 1.

       
 
   

POLISH MILLENNIUM

   
   

No. of stamps: 16
Value: PLN 1.00 each one
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 16 stamps
Size of the stamp: 39.5 x 31.25 mm
Issue: 850,000 pcs.
Designer: Tomasz Bogusławski
Date of circulation: November 11th, 2001
   
The Polish Post will publish a series of sixteen postal stamps entitled "Polish Millennium" in November this year. The purpose of the emission includes a summary of 1000 years of the history, culture, and science in Poland from the perspective of the 21st century. Every stamp of the face value of PLN 1.00 has been devoted to a different field of life. The concept is based on the rule of comparing and associating events and personalities from the newest history of Poland with past times.
So individual stamps, grouped according to their topics, represent:
  • CHRISTIANITY
    The Pope John Paul II against the background of a fragment of Gniezno Doors representing the image of St. Wojciech.

  • PARLIAMENTARISM
    President Lech Wałęsa taking the oath in Sejm and a fragment of the cover of the Constitution of May 3rd, 1791.

  • HISTORY OF THE POLITICICAL PUBLICISM
    Fragment of the cover of the magazine "Głos Wolny Wolno¶ć Ubezpieczaj±cy" from the Department of Old Prints of the Public Library of Warsaw, the cover of the first issue of "Kultura", and "Zniewolony Umysł" by Czesław Miłosz - property of the Literary Institute in Paris, as well as the cover of "O skutecznym rad sposobie" - property of the Yagiellonian Library in Cracow.

  • THEATRE
    Wojciech Bogusławski (1757-1829) and Jerzy Grotowski (1933-1999). The background represents a fragment of the manuscript of the 3rd part of "Dziady" by A. Mickiewicz, included in the collections of the Library of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Kórnik and the logo of Cricot 2 theatre of Tadeusz Kantor.

  • INDEPENDENCE
    Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935) against the background with electoral campaign posters of 1989.

  • INTERNATIONALIST TRADITIONS OF THE POLISH MILITARY FORCES
    The NATO emblem and a portrait of General Kazimierz Pułaski (1746-79), acc. to a 19th century lithography. Since 1777 Pułaski had been fighting for the independence of the United States and he died in Savannah, considered to be a national hero of the United States.

  • ASTRONOMY
    Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and Aleksander Wolszczan (born in 1946) - an eminent Polish astronomer who discovered the first planetary system outside the Sun. A fragment of "De revolucionibus" by Nicolaus Copernicus at the background.

  • EDUCATION
    A fragment of a wood engraving representing Jan of Głogów (1445-1507), called Głogowczyk or Głogowit, an eminent mathematician, astronomer, theologist, professor of the Cracow Academy, teacher of Nicolaus Copernicus. The second part of the stamp represents the personality of the contemporary physicist Tadeusz Kotarbiński (1886-1981).

  • TRADITIONS OF THE POLISH ARMY
    A fragment of the picture "Bitwa pod Grunwaldem" by Jan Matejko at the National Museum in Warsaw and a poster from the times of the Warsaw Battle in 1920 entitled "Do broni", property of the Yagiellonian Library in Cracow.

  • INDEPENDENCE STRAINS
    A lithography of Villan representing the Belvedere Group: a group of plotters commanded by Ludwik Nabielak, who attacked Belvedere on November 29th, 1830, which was the seat of the Great Prince Konstanty, and thus who started the November Uprising. The lithography represents the following persons, from the left side: Karol Pankiewicz, Walenty Krosnowski, Wincenty Kobylański, Aleksander ¦więtosławski. There is a seal of Marian Langiewicz, dictator at the initial period of the January Uprising in 1863 in the right-hand bottom corner of the stamp. The background represents the vignette of the information newspaper of the Home Army AK "Warszawa Walczy". The stamp also presents a scene of the Warsaw Uprising coming from a photograph taken by Janusz Cegiełła on August 20th, 1944.

  • ART
    A fragment of a sculpture representing the head of the John the Apostle from "Ołtarz Mariacki" by Wit Stwosz in Cracow. The second part of the stamp contains an image of the sculpture-auto-portrait of Magdalena Abakanowicz.

  • MUSIC
    Krzysztof Penderecki (born in 1933) and a portrait of Fryderyk Chopin (1810-49). A fragment of the notes of Mazurka No. 10, opus 50 by Karol Szymanowski (1882-1937), included in the collections of the National Library, is visible at the background.

  • POLAND IN THE EUROPEAN SYSTEM
    Portrait of Jan III Sobieski from the collections of the Royal Castle in Warsaw and the emblem of the European Union.

  • POLISH SYMBOLS
    The Medieval panorama of Cracow according to a wood engraving from the collections of the Yagiellonian Library in Cracow and the picture of the Royal Castle in Warsaw.

  • LANGUAGE, THE LETTERS, AND LITERATURE
    Winner of the Nobel Prize Wisława Szymborska (born in 1923) and Mikołaj Rej (1505-69) according to a wood engraving from the Yagiellonian Library in Cracow.

  • SPORT
    Janusz Kusociński (1907-40) and Robert Korzeniowski.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold four first day envelopes (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Warsaw 1.

The first FDC envelope covering the following topics: Christianity, parliamentarism, international traditions of the Polish military forces, and independence, represent a Polish hussar, a special label issued in 1916 at the occasion of the 125th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of May 3rd, hence the dates: 1791-1616, as well as a medal Virtuti Militari.

The second FDC envelope, covering the history of the political publicism, theatre, astronomy, and education, represents Hugon Kołł±taj, the emblem of the Yagiellonian University, as well as a facsimile of the resolution of the National Education Commission (KEN) concerning the functioning of schools.

Another FDC envelope, covering topics including traditions of the Polish army, Poland in the European system, Polish symbols, and independence movements, presents Stefan Batory on the Gdańsk ducat of 1583, Piłsudski on a silver 100-mark coin of 1922, the emblem of the Yagiellonian Library, and a wood engraving representing Zygmunt Stary from "Chronica Polonarum" of 1521.

The fourth FDC envelope, covering art, music, language, letters, and literature, as well as sport, presents the portrait of Adam Mickiewicz by Horowitz from the book entitled "Opisy I obrazy", published by Macierz Polska in Lvov in 1909, as well as "the bag" and seal of Tadeusz Kantor. The intention of the artist included the presentation of various shades of the Polish art, starting with the romantic current with Adam Mickiewicz as its most eminent representative, up to the ironic, sarcastic look to Tadeusz Kantor's art.

The special date seal presents one gross of Bolesław Chrobry and the inscription Polonia from the logo of Expo -92 in Sevilla.  

         
 
   

100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE PHILHARMONICS IN WARSAW

   

No. of stamps: 1
Face value: PLN 1.00
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 20 stamps
Size of the stamp: 31.25 x 39.5 mm
Issue: 500,000 pcs
Designer: Maciej Buszewicz
Date of circulation: November 5th, 2001
   
The Warsaw Philharmonics is one of the oldest music institutions in Europe. It was the main center of the music life in Poland in the years 1901-1939: there were held, e.g. the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competitions (in 1927, 1932, and 1937 respectively), and the 1st International Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition (1935).

The outbreak of the Second World War stopped activities of the Warsaw Philharmonics and its building erected in the eclectic style similar to that of the Opera in Paris, was destroyed. It was rebuilt, but in a completely different style. The Warsaw Philharmonics was honored with the name of the National Philharmonics at the occasion of the inauguration of the season in its new premises on February 21st, 1955.

The Polish Post commemorates the 100th anniversary of the Philharmonics by means of introducing a postal stamp representing the illuminated building of the Philharmonics according to a computer animation.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Warsaw 1.

       
 
   

THE PAPAL DAY

   

No. of stamps: 1
Face value: PLN 1.00
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 20 stamps
Size of the stamp: 31.25 x 43 mm
Issue: 450,000 pcs
Designer: Janusz Wysocki
Date of circulation: October 14th, 2001
   
In order to commemorate the teachings of the Pope John Paul II, the Polish Episcopate Conference has established the Foundation "New Millennium Work", which is to complete the task. A proposal of an annual promotion day called "the Papal Day", popularizing the achievements of the pontifice of John Paul II, was put forward at its initiative. It will be held every year on Sunday preceding October 16th, which is the anniversary of the appointment of John Paul II in the Holy See. The event will be widely popularized in the media and it will construct a tradition of popularizing the Pope's ideas in mass media. The first Papal Day will be organized on October 14th, 2001, under the slogan "Pontifice of the Breaking Times".

The Polish Post joins the popularization of the honorable ideas by means of introducing a special postal stamp into the market on October 14th, 2001.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Warsaw 1.

       
 
   

12TH HENRYK WIENIAWSKI INTERNATIONAL VIOLIN COMPETITION

   

No. of stamps: 1
Face value: PLN 1.00
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 20 stamps
Size of the stamp: 43 x 31.25 mm
Issue: 1,000,000 pcs
Designer: Maciej Buszewicz
Date of circulation: October 13th, 2001
   
Lovers of the violin music will experience extraordinary moments and emotions in October. The 12th Henryk Wieniawski International Violin Competition will be held on October 13th-29th. It is organized by Henryk Wieniawski Music Society in Poznań. The Society's traditions date back to 1885. At present, it attracts persons from the group of culture creators, artists, activists, and music lovers who play numerous organizational functions in the music life of our country.

The International Violin Competition was established by the Polish music milieus at the initiative of the nephew of Henryk Wieniawski, Adam Wieniawski (1879-1950) at the occasion of the 100th birthday of the composer. The first competition took place in 1935 in Warsaw, and subsequent issues were organized in Poznań.

Henryk Wieniawski (1835-1880) became famous as one of the most eminent violinists of the second half of the 19th century. He studied in the conservatory in Paris in the years 1843-1846. Since 1848, he used to give numerous concerts in Poland and in many countries in Europe. In the years 1860-1871, he was the court musician in Petersburg, where he also taught students at the local conservatory.

The Polish Post will issue a special post stamp commemorating the great music event on the day of the beginning of the 12th International Violin Competition.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Poznań 1.

       
 
   

80th ANNIVERSARY OF THE MUSEUM OF POST AND TELECOMMUNICATION

   

No. of stamps: 1 in the form of a block
Face value: 3 + PLN 0.75
Printing technology: rotogravure
Paper: fluorescent
Size:
  Of the stamp: 39.5 x 31.25 mm
  Of the block: 87 x 70 mm
Issue: 350,000 pcs
Designer: Agnieszka Sobczyńska
Date of circulation: October 9th, 2001
   
We will celebrate the 80th anniversary of the Museum of Post and Telecommunication in Wrocław this year. The Polish Post will issue a post stamp at this occasion, which represents a picture by Włodzimierz Kugler entitled "100 years ago".

The beginnings of the museum unique in Poland date back to 1921. The Museum of Post and Telegraphy was founded in Warsaw that year, whose task was to collect exhibits connected with the history of the post, telegraph, and telephone, as well as a creation of a philatelic department. The Museum's development was broken by the Second World War; part of the collections was damaged and the other part was taken away to Germany. The War was followed by the period of a reconstruction of the museal exhibits, but it was hindered by a lack of appropriate premises. Exhibition activities were resumed in 1956, when the Museum was transferred to Wrocław, where it found its seat in a historical building of the Main Post Office.

The Museum has its division in Gdańsk, located in the historical building of the Polish Post, known for its brave defense of the post office employees on September 1st, 1939.

Ca. 70 thousand historical and tele-technical exhibits, as well as several million post stamps are housed by the Museum of Post and Telcommunication in Wrocław.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Wrocław 1.

       
 
   

WORLD DAY OF THE POST - DIALOGUE BETWEEN CIVILIZATIONS

   

No. of stamps: 1
Face value: PLN 1.90
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 20 stamps
Size: 31.25 x 43 mm
Issue: 500,000 pcs
Designer: Urska Golob, Maciej Buszewicz
Date of circulation: October 9th, 2001
   
The World Day of the Post will be celebrated on October 9th. The Polish Post will issue a special stamp at this occasion, just like many other postal administrations do every year. This year's issue commemorates the year 2001, which has been proclaimed by the United Nations Organization to be "The Year of the United Nations for a Dialogue Between Civilizations". The World Postal Union organized an International Competition for a design of the stamp in 2000. Ca. 50 postal administrations participated in it, including Poland, whose stamp designed by Maciej Buszewicz, artist plastician, won the third place.

Ms. U. Golob from Slovenia won the first place in the competition. She depicted children representing four main races of the world and main carriers facilitating a communication between people.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Wrocław 1.

       
 
   

POLAND IN FINALS OF WORLD FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIPS 2002

   

No. of stamps: 1
Face value: PLN 1.00
Printing technology: offset
Paper: fluorescent
Sales sheet: 60 stamps
Size: 31.25 x 25.5 mm
Issue: 3,000,000 pcs
Designer: Jacek Konarzewski
Date of circulation: October 6th, 2001
   
The Polish representation in football, after a long absence, has been qualified to join the finals of the World Championships that will take place next year in stadiums of Japan and Korea. The Polish Post will note the fact by means of introducing a special stamp on the day of completing the qualifications, i.e., October 6th, 2001.

On the day of introducing the stamps into the market, there will be sold a first day envelope (FDC) with a special date seal in the Post Office Warsaw 1.

       
   

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