The first country to issue postage stamps was the United Kingdom(Great Britain).
On the 6 May, 1840 saw the introduction of the Penny Post, the so called "Penny Black" with the head of Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria's head remained on the stamps for the next 60 years, in which 100 more stamps appeared.

The initiator of the first postage stamp in Britain was an employee of the British Post Office one, Rowland Hill. On the 100th Anniversary of his death, the Polish Post Office issued a commemorative stamp in 1979 with the nominal price 6 zł catalogue No. 2494.

The first stamp introduced under British Post Office reforms under which it transposed the payment for stamps (postage) from the receiver to the sender of the letter, also introduced up to 1 ounce letter with a flat rate postage to anywhere in Britain irrespective of distance, the innovations from these times are still present widely up to now around the world.

Great Britain is the only country in the world which does not bear a name, but always has the head its current reigning monarch, on its stamps.

From the first stamps issued, the "Penny Black" on 6th May 1840 and "Twopenny Blue" on 8th May 1840 counterfeit measures were incorporated on the stamps to make them more secure against counterfeiting and falsification. These counterfeit measures included watermarked paper upon which the stamps were printed and the picture on the stamps contained artifacts transferred from the printing press blocks along with letters in the bottom corners of the stamp. This pattern of letters did not repeat itself on a sheet of 240 printed stamps.

The fist postage stamps to appear on Polish Lands were issued in 1850. This was under the occupation by Austria and Prussia.

The first Polish Postage Stamp was issued on 1st January 1860 circular No. 13 of the Royal Polish Post office dating from 14th December 1859. This stamp replaced the Russian stamps, then in circulation from 13 January 1858.

The first Polish Postage Stamp bearing the Coat of Arms of Polish Kingdom was used for internal use in the country of Poland and also in Russia. All other letters to foreign countries were sent by paying cash for postage. This stamp was withdrawn on 13th April 1865 and replaced by Russian stamp.
Reproductions of the first Polish Stamps were issued by the Polish Office on the following stamps: Catalogue No. 1007 from 1960, No. 1033 from 1960, No. 2494 from 1979 also on a stamp in the form of a block catalogue No. 96 from 1990.



Blok 96 (3118)

With the first appearance of postage of postage stamps the first enthusiast of postage stamps, these small scraps of paper. Thanks to them we have the preserved and unique letters with the original first stamp. The first stamps collectors were the producers and designers of the stamps. The bookshops were responsible, in time the selling of stamps, albums and catalogues.

The fist philatelic society was founded in 1865 in France. One of the founders and the first president, was Georges Herpin the inventor of the word "Filatelia". This was from a combination of two Greek words: "Philein to tike and "Ateles" meaning free of charge.

The first Polish Philatelic club under the name "Polski Klub Filatelistów" was founded on 6th January 1893. On the occasion of the centenary of the Polish Philatelic society the Polish Post office issued a commemorative stamp, catalogue No. 3277.


The current Polish Philatelic Club or "Polski Związek Filatelistów" (PZF) was founded in 1950 is a member of the International Philatelic Federation ( FIP )and the European Federation of Philatelic Associations ( FEPA).

The aims of the polish Philatelic Society (PZF) are as follows: 
1. Development of Philatelic activities in Poland and the promotion Polish Postage stamps abroad;
2. Popularising and developing expertise and knowledge among members of the society;
3. Improving the methods and means of collecting postage stamps.


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